Safety - Canadian Nuclear Association


Nuclear power has the best safety record of any major form of electricity generation. Need Proof?

1) A 2007 study found that nuclear power generation has the best workplace safety record of all power generation sources. (The Lancet.)

2) Nuclear ranked as the safest source of power in a 2012 Forbes report. (Forbes.)

Energy source (Fatalities/trillion kWh)

  • Coal – global average (100,000)
  • Coal – China (170,000)
  • Coal – U.S. (10,000)
  • Oil (36,000)
  • Natural Gas (4,000)
  • Biofuel/Biomass (24,000)
  • Solar – rooftop (440)
  • Wind (150)
  • Hydro – global average (1,400)
  • Hydro – U.S. (0.01)
  • Nuclear – global average (90 – including Chernobyl & Fukushima)
  • Nuclear – U.S. (0.01)

3) The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) has dedicated inspectors on each nuclear generating site. It performs thousands of inspections annually to ensure Canada’s nuclear generating facilities are operating safely. (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.)

Globally, the nuclear industry has a strong safety culture of continuous improvement. Safety is always the No. 1 priority. Need Proof?

1) The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) mission to Canada reported that Canada has established and maintains a robust and comprehensive nuclear security infrastructure. (Government of Canada.)

2) Suppliers of nuclear equipment and materials require buyers to complete a bilateral safeguards agreement. This verification is in addition to those imposed by the IAEA safeguards agreement. (The Centre for International Governance Innovation.)

3) The global nuclear industry, with over 100 signatories, has held at least six conventions on nuclear safety and security and how to improve upon best practices. (International Atomic Energy Agency.)

The nuclear industry is subject to some of the most rigorous regulatory regimes in the world. From construction to operation to decommissioning, the industry is licensed and closely monitored by an independent regulator. Need Proof?

1) At any given time, there are Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) inspectors onsite at each of Canada’s nuclear power plants. (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.)

2) All Canadian nuclear operators work with the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) to achieve the highest possible standards of nuclear safety. They also work with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies. (World Association of Nuclear Operators.)

3) Following Fukushima, the CNSC inspected Canada’s nuclear power plants and revised standards to improve reactor defense and emergency response. Changes to regulation and licensing were also made to ensure better disaster preparedness and mitigation. (Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.)