In Canada, the responsibility for ensuring the safe transport of nuclear substances is jointly shared between Transport Canada and the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC). While Transport Canada deals with the transport of all classes of dangerous goods, the CNSC is primarily concerned with the health, safety, and security of the public, and protection of the environment, as it relates to the special characteristics of radioactive material.
Under the guidance of these federal organizations, Canada has adopted the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) TS-R-1 Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material as the basis to regulate the packaging and transport of radioactive materials. Most industrialized countries have adopted these regulations.
Other organizations with international mandates in the transportation of nuclear materials include the World Nuclear Transport Institute, which represents the interests of the nuclear industries in many countries, and the International Air Transport Association, which represents the interests of more than 240 airlines, and is headquartered in Montreal.