Robust security forces protect nuclear energy stations and other major nuclear organizations against intruders. They routinely conduct threat and risk assessments so that they can protect Canadians from radiation exposure that could result from sabotage or terrorist attacks. These security measures also enable nuclear industry members to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to prevent nuclear materials from reaching nuclear weapons programs.
After the 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States, nuclear industry members around the globe, including those in Canada, strengthened their onsite capability for armed response, improved employee security checks, provided supervisory awareness training, and invested in specialized security equipment.
In Canada, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is responsible for regulating the security of the nuclear industry – ensuring that all holders of licences to work with nuclear materials or on nuclear facilities maintain enhanced security measures.
The CNSC routinely inspects industry members’ security performance and tests security devices and equipment. The CNSC also operates the Canadian Adversary Testing Team, which provides a mock adversary for force-on-force security tests. Industry members use these tests to eliminate deficiencies in their security plans and strategies.
The industry also responds by maintaining comprehensive security measures and updating them in response to new regulations, best practices emerging in other provinces or internationally, or potential threats. To maintain security means that some of these measures are not publicized, though several operators, such as Ontario Power Generation, have posted general information about their commitments to site security.